With the London Olympics ongoing, its only appropriate to visit the psychological heart of London: Trafalgar Square.
Trafalgar Square is literally at the crossroads of London’s primary axes, also at almost the precise center of the Greater London area. Once lying at the edge of the City of Westminster, today Trafalgar Square lies at the crossroads of the main routes between Buckingham Palace, Westminster Cathedral & Parliament, the City of London, and within walking distance of many of the institutions that London is most well-known for.
Once referred to as Charing Cross, Trafalgar Square was constructed as an urban revitalization project on the former site of the Kings Mews (stables). This image shows what the area of Trafalgar Square would have looked like in about 1562, when St. Martin in the Fields would have been “in the fields” outside the City of London and Westminster.
Flanking the square are many important institutions, including the church of St. Martin in the Fields, the National Portrait Gallery, Canada House, and the Admiralty Arch, which marks the entrance to the Mall that leads to Buckingham.